中文    |  ESPAÑOL

Image

Artistic Legacy: The Ann and Bill Cullen Collection is
organized by the Bowers Museum and curated by Jean Stern.
Major funding for this exhibition comes from
the Bowers California Arts Council
and

chemerslogo

 

 

Image

Swipe image for more

  • Image Alt

    02 CutOut

    Untitled (Still Life of Flowers), late 20th Century
    Ann Cullen (American, 1928-2018); California
    Watercolor on paper; 15 3/4 × 11 3/4 in.
    2018.6.49
    Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

  • Image Alt

    02 CutOut

    Untitled (Ann & Bill Cullen), 1989
    Ann Cullen (American, 1928-2018); California
    Watercolor on paper; 17 1/4 × 14 1/8 in.
    2018.6.50
    Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

  • Image Alt

    02 CutOut

    Untitled, 1992
    Ann Cullen (American, 1928-2018); California
    Watercolor on paper; 12 3/8 × 16 1/8 in.
    2018.6.51
    Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

  • Image Alt

    02 CutOut

    Untitled, late 20th Century
    Ann Cullen (American, 1928-2018); California
    Watercolor on paper; 19 × 24 in.
    2018.6.52
    Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

  • Image Alt

    02 CutOut

    Untitled, 1994
    Ann Cullen (American, 1928-2018); California
    Ink and pencil on paper; 10 × 8 in.
    2018.6.53
    Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

Ann Cullen was born on June 6, 1928, in Washington, D.C. Her father was Heinz Eric Roemheld (1901-1985), an Academy Award winning composer, pianist, and conductor. Her mother was Emeline Marie Defnet Roemheld (1901-1980).

In 1946, Ann graduated North Hollywood High School and went on to earn an art degree at the University of Southern California. She furthered her studies at the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles followed by classes at the Art Students League of New York.

Ann enjoyed a successful career as a runway fashion model. In October 1954, she met game show personality Bill Cullen (1920-1990) at the home of her sister Mary Lou Narz. Cullen was the original host of “The Price Is Right” and “The $25,000 Pyramid.” When he met Ann, Bill was working with Mary Lou's husband radio and television host Jack Narz (1922-2008).

Ann and Bill fell in love and were married in New York on December 24th, 1955. The couple had no children. In 1978, they left New York and moved to Bel Air, California, where Bill continued to host numerous television game shows.

On July 7, 1990, Bill Cullen died of lung cancer. In 1998, Ann moved to Orange County, bringing her closer to her sister Mary Lou Narz. By 2004, she was living in Corona Del Mar, overlooking Balboa Island with a beautiful view of the ocean and Catalina Island.

Ann Cullen died on July 21, 2018. Her remains were cremated, as were Bill’s when he died in 1990. Their ashes were mixed, with some scattered in the Pacific Ocean and some in Central Park.

Ann’s love of art led her to form a first-rate collection of fine art and sculptures. Her home was filled with important paintings in the California Watercolor Style, including such artists as Millard Sheets, Rex Brandt, Phil Dike, and others. After her death, the collection was donated to the Bowers Museum in Santa Ana.

Image

Ann Cullen was born on June 6, 1928, in Washington, D.C. Her father was Heinz Eric Roemheld (1901-1985), an Academy Award winning composer, pianist, and conductor. Her mother was Emeline Marie Defnet Roemheld (1901-1980).

In 1946, Ann graduated North Hollywood High School and went on to earn an art degree at the University of Southern California. She furthered her studies at the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles followed by classes at the Art Students League of New York.

Ann enjoyed a successful career as a runway fashion model. In October 1954, she met game show personality Bill Cullen (1920-1990) at the home of her sister Mary Lou Narz. Cullen was the original host of “The Price Is Right” and “The $25,000 Pyramid.” When he met Ann, Bill was working with Mary Lou's husband radio and television host Jack Narz (1922-2008).

Ann and Bill fell in love and were married in New York on December 24th, 1955. The couple had no children. In 1978, they left New York and moved to Bel Air, California, where Bill continued to host numerous television game shows.

On July 7, 1990, Bill Cullen died of lung cancer. In 1998, Ann moved to Orange County, bringing her closer to her sister Mary Lou Narz. By 2004, she was living in Corona Del Mar, overlooking Balboa Island with a beautiful view of the ocean and Catalina Island.

Ann Cullen died on July 21, 2018. Her remains were cremated, as were Bill’s when he died in 1990. Their ashes were mixed, with some scattered in the Pacific Ocean and some in Central Park.

Ann’s love of art led her to form a first-rate collection of fine art and sculptures. Her home was filled with important paintings in the California Watercolor Style, including such artists as Millard Sheets, Rex Brandt, Phil Dike, and others. After her death, the collection was donated to the Bowers Museum in Santa Ana.

Swipe image for more

  • Image Alt

    02 CutOut

    Untitled (Still Life of Flowers), late 20th Century
    Ann Cullen (American, 1928-2018); California
    Watercolor on paper; 15 3/4 × 11 3/4 in.
    2018.6.49
    Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

  • Image Alt

    02 CutOut

    Untitled (Ann & Bill Cullen), 1989
    Ann Cullen (American, 1928-2018); California
    Watercolor on paper; 17 1/4 × 14 1/8 in.
    2018.6.50
    Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

  • Image Alt

    02 CutOut

    Untitled, 1992
    Ann Cullen (American, 1928-2018); California
    Watercolor on paper; 12 3/8 × 16 1/8 in.
    2018.6.51
    Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

  • Image Alt

    02 CutOut

    Untitled, late 20th Century
    Ann Cullen (American, 1928-2018); California
    Watercolor on paper; 19 × 24 in.
    2018.6.52
    Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

  • Image Alt

    02 CutOut

    Untitled, 1994
    Ann Cullen (American, 1928-2018); California
    Ink and pencil on paper; 10 × 8 in.
    2018.6.53
    Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

The California Watercolor Style

In the late 1920s, young artists in Los Angeles began to experiment with watercolors and found that by modifying the medium they could attain more expressive effects. The epicenter of the California Watercolor Style was the Chouinard Art Institute in the Westlake area of Los Angeles, and one of the principal figures was Millard Sheets (1907-1989) who was a student as well as a teacher there.

The California Watercolor Style differs from traditional watercolor painting in several ways. Traditional watercolors were generally produced on small format paper, with considerable drawing before application of paint. Usually, the paint was applied with a lightly moist brush, which allowed for layering of color and afforded the artist more precision and control.

By contrast, the California Watercolor Style presented works that were painted boldly and directly, with little or no preliminary pencil sketching. The preferred subjects were scenes of everyday life in California. The artists worked on large format paper, often 22 inches by 30 inches, using broad, quick, sweeping brushstrokes of rich color. A popular approach was “wet-on-wet,” a method that applies wet color onto wet paper. Color applied this way produces unforeseen effects, giving the painting more drama and energy.

Image
Image

Rex Brandt was born on September 12, 1914, in San Diego, California. As a child of 13, he attended summer classes at the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles. He continued his studies at the University of California at Berkeley, where he earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1936.

Brandt was one of the best known of the California watercolor painters and his works and exhibitions helped bring national attention to California artists. In 1937, he joined the California Water Color Society. Between 1939 and 1943, he taught art and was head of the department at Riverside Junior College.

On March 21, 1938, he married artist Joan Irving (1916-1995). In 1946, the Brandt family moved to Corona Del Mar where in 1947, he and Phil Dike (1906-1990) opened the Brandt-Dike Summer School located at Brandt's home. As a teacher, he trained and influenced many students who themselves went on to prominence in watercolor. Rex Brandt died in Orange, California, on March 21, 2000.

Image courtesy of California Watercolor

Swipe image for more

Image
Image

Mildred Bryant Brooks was born on July 21, 1901, in Maryville, Missouri. When she was six years old, the Bryant family settled in Long Beach, where Mildred grew up.

As her mother was an artist, Mildred developed her artistic talent at an early age and following high school began art studies at the University of Southern California. In the mid-1920s, she studied etching with Arthur Millier (1893-1975), a noted graphic artist who was also the art critic for the Los Angeles Times. Brooks was a successful and popular artist. In 1936, she had a one person show of her etchings at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.

By the 1960s, she had moved to South Pasadena. Coping with her gradually failing eyesight, she gave up etching and turned to painting murals and worked as an interior designer. With her health deteriorating, she moved into a rest home in Santa Barbara where she died on July 3, 1995.

Image courtesy of Laguna Art Museum Archives

201865 

Neighbors, 1937

Mildred Bryant Brooks (American, 1901-1995); California; Etching on paper; 10 1/2 × 10 1/4 in.; 2018.6.5
Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

Image
Image

Philip Latimer Dike was born on April 6, 1906, in Redlands, California. As a child, he took to art quite readily and in 1924, he was awarded a one-year scholarship to the Chouinard School of Art in Los Angeles.

In 1933, Dike married Betty Woodward, an artist he had met at Chouinard. California Holiday, a dynamic view of Balboa Bay painted the same year as his wedding, was published in Life magazine in October 1941.

In 1935, Dike began working at Walt Disney Studios as a drawing instructor, color coordinator, and advisor. The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York acquired one of his watercolors in 1940. In 1943, he had a one-person show at the Los Angeles County Museum.

In 1947, he and Rex Brandt co-founded the Brandt-Dike Summer School in Corona del Mar. In 1950, he joined the faculty of Scripps College in Claremont. Phil Dike died on February 24, 1990, in Claremont, California.

Image courtesy of California Watercolor

Swipe image for more

Image
Image

George Gibson was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, on October 16, 1904. As a youth, he took classes at the Edinburgh College of Art and the Glasgow School of Art, and painted backdrops for the Royal Theater in Glasgow.

In 1930, Gibson came to the United States. In Los Angeles, he took classes at the Chouinard School of Art and worked as a freelance scene painter. By 1934, he was working at Metro Goldwyn Mayer. He became head of the scenic art department and continued with MGM until his retirement in 1969. He worked on hundreds of movies at MGM, including The Wizard of Oz; An American in Paris; Lust for Life and The Shoes of the Fisherman, for which he re-created Michelangelo's frescoes of the Sistine Chapel.

In 1957, he was elected an Associate of the National Academy of Design, and in 1994, elevated to full Member. George Gibson died on March 28, 2001, in San Luis Obispo, California.

Image courtesy of California Watercolor

Swipe image for more

Image
Image

Hardie Gramatky was born on April 12, 1907, in Dallas, Texas. In 1917, the family moved to San Gabriel. He attended Stanford University in 1926 but dropped out after two years and enrolled at the Chouinard School of Art in Los Angeles. He was soon hired by Walt Disney and in 1929, became a senior animator.

In 1932, he married Dorothea "Doppy" Cooke (1908-2001) who was also an artist. In 1936, they moved to New York City where he worked as a magazine and children's book illustrator. During this time, his work has been displayed at the Art Institute of Chicago, the Whitney Museum, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

In 1939, he illustrated Little Toot, a children’s story book which was later animated by Disney. During World War II, he returned to Los Angeles and produced military training films in a unit headed by Captain Ronald Reagan. He had a long and successful career as a watercolor painter and died on April 29, 1979, in Westport, Connecticut.

Image courtesy of California Watercolor

2018610 

Century Plant, 1933

Hardie Gramatky (American, 1907-1979); California; Watercolor on paper; 14 × 21 1/2 in.; 2018.6.10
Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

This brilliant painting was realized in 1933 while Gramatky was still living in California and working for Walt Disney Productions. Light and color are the subject of this painting. The luminosity is brilliant and everywhere. As we gaze at this dazzling painting we are immersed in bright, warm sunlight, a marked contrast with the areas of calm, cool shade. Note that this is a “back-lit” painting, with the sunlight coming from behind the house. Usually, artists paint with sunlight illuminating the front of the subject. But because it’s back-lit, we are indulged with long, elegant shadows making the visual effect so appealing.

Image
Image

Dong Kingman was born on March 31, 1911, in Oakland, California. His parents were immigrants from Hong Kong. In 1916, the family moved back to Hong Kong, where his father established a dry goods business. While in Hong Kong, he took classes in calligraphy and watercolor painting. By 1929, Kingman was back in the United States and began painting watercolors.

During World War II, he served as an artist in the Office of Strategic Services, the precursor to the CIA. In 1942, he was honored with a Guggenheim Fellowship. After the war, Kingman settled in Brooklyn and taught art at Columbia University. In the 1950s and 1960s, he worked as a movie art director for a number of major films including The Flower Drum Song (1961), 55 Days at Peking (1963) and The Sand Pebbles (1966). On May 12, 2000, Dong Kingman died of pancreatic cancer in his home in New York City, at age 89.

Image courtesy of California Watercolor

Swipe image for more

Image
Image

Emil Kosa Jr. was born in Paris, France on November 28, 1903. His father, Emil Kosa Sr., was a French painter of Czechoslovakian birth. In 1928, Kosa Jr. attended the Chouinard School of Art in Los Angeles and befriended Millard Sheets. In 1931, Kosa joined the California Water Color Society and was exhibiting with the most prominent painters of the California Style, including Barse Miller, Phil Dike, Hardie Gramatky, Paul Sample, Millard Sheets, and Milford Zornes.

In 1933, he started working as an artist at 20th Century Fox studios in Hollywood. One of his first jobs was designing and painting the famous 20th Century-Fox "searchlight" logo. He spent 35 years working for 20th Century Fox and other studios, retiring in 1969.

Kosa won an Academy Award for his special effects work in the 1963 film Cleopatra. Among his many other movie scenes is the ruined Statue of Liberty at the end of the 1968 movie, Planet of the Apes. Emil Kosa Jr. died on November 4, 1968, in Los Angeles.

Image courtesy of California Watercolor

Swipe image for more

Image
Image

Paul Lauritz was born on April 18, 1889, in Larvik, Norway. He received basic art lessons as a child at the Larvik Art School. In 1905, he traveled to eastern Canada to live with his sister. He found work as a miner and continued painting in his spare time. In 1912, he moved to Alaska in search of gold. Unsuccessful as a miner, he turned to painting full-time. In Alaska, Lauritz met and befriended artist Sydney Laurence (1865-1940) and the two became close painting companions.

By late 1919, Lauritz was in Los Angeles. He specialized in landscape and painted from Laguna Beach to Monterey, as well as in the Sierra Nevada Mountains and the deserts of California, Nevada, and Mexico. An active member of the Los Angeles art community, he served for six years on the Los Angeles Municipal Art Commission. Paul Lauritz died on October 31, 1975, in Glendale, California.

2018619 

Untitled, mid 20th Century

Paul Lauritz (Norwegian, 1889-1975); California; Watercolor on paper; 20 × 26 in.; 2018.6.19
Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

Image
Image

Phil Paradise was born on August 26, 1905, in Ontario, Oregon. As a child, his family moved to Bakersfield, California, where grew up. After graduating from high school in 1923, he enrolled at the Chouinard School of Art in Los Angeles.

In 1928, he had his first exhibition, in a joint show with Millard Sheets at the Hollywood Public Library. He joined the California Water Color Society in 1931, serving as president in 1939. He quickly established his reputation by being juried into many important watercolor exhibitions throughout the country.

During the 1940s, he set up a graphic arts workshop in the central California town of Cambria and began producing limited edition serigraph (silk screen) prints. He also produced sculpture, pottery, and ceramic murals which he sold out of his studio-home. Phil Paradise died on February 7, 1997, in his home in Cambria.

Image courtesy of California Watercolor

2018620 

Ocean Estuary, 1934

Phil Paradise (American, 1905-1997); California; Watercolor on paper; 16 × 21 1/2 in.; 2018.6.20
Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

Image
Image

James Hollins Patrick was born on September 14, 1911, in British Columbia, Canada, but grew up in Los Angeles and attended Hollywood High School, where he graduated in 1929. He won a three-year scholarship to the Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles. There, he studied watercolor painting under Millard Sheets.

In 1934, Patrick joined the California Water Color Society and served as president in 1941. He participated in many prestigious shows during his short lifetime, including exhibitions at the Corcoran Gallery in Washington, D.C., the Art Institute of Chicago, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the National Gallery of Art at the Smithsonian Institution, the American Water Color Society in New York, and the Riverside Museum.

During World War II he and his friend Phil Paradise produced a book for the United States Army Air Corps on camouflage painting. Sadly, while still a young man of 33, he succumbed to tuberculosis and died on December 4, 1944.

Image courtesy of California Watercolor

2018621 

Morning Mist, mid 20th Century

James Patrick (American, 1911-1944); California; Watercolor on paper; 14 × 17 1/2 in.; 2018.6.21
Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

Image
Image

George Post was born on September 29, 1906, in Oakland, California. In 1924, he received a scholarship to the California School of Fine Arts in San Francisco. Upon graduation, he worked various jobs as an advertising illustrator. Post had his first one-person show in 1931, in San Francisco. He showed watercolors of California and Nevada scenes. In 1934, at the height of the Depression, he joined the Works Progress Administration (WPA). In addition to producing watercolors for the WPA, he painted a mural for the Sonora High School library.

From 1947 to 1972, he taught at the California College of Arts and Crafts in Oakland. In 1949, he began nearly three decades of teaching in Corona del Mar at the Brandt-Dike Summer School of Painting, operated by his friends Rex Brandt and Phil Dike.

In 1988, Post retired from teaching. He continued to paint on an occasional basis near his home in San Francisco. He died of pneumonia on March 26, 1997.

Image courtesy of California Watercolor

2018622 

Mission Valley Barn, mid 20th Century

George Post (American, 1906-1997); Mission Valley, San Diego, California; Watercolor on paper; 14 1/4 × 19 3/4 in.; 2018.6.22
Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

Image
Image

Joseph Noel Quinn was born in Pawtucket, Rhode Island on Christmas day, 1915, thus his middle name, Noel. He attended the Rhode Island School of Design, graduating in 1936, and received a fellowship to study in Europe.

Quinn went to Paris and for many years worked as an art director for the Paris division of J. Walter Thompson Advertising. He befriended several members of the "Lost Generation," a group of U.S. writers who established their literary reputations in the 1920s. Among his friends were Pablo Picasso, Gertrude Stein, James Joyce, and Ernest Hemingway.

Sometime in the late 1930s, while visiting a friend in Berlin, Quinn was asked by Adolph Hitler to critique his watercolors. In 1939, with World War II looming, Quinn returned to the United States and settled in Los Angeles.

Between 1947 and 1953, Quinn exhibited regularly with the California Water Color Society and served as its president in 1962. Noel Quinn died after a series of strokes on May 5, 1993.

Image courtesy of CalART.com

Swipe image for more

Image
Image

Millard Sheets was born on June 24, 1907 in Pomona, California. As a child, he showed great artistic talent. He graduated from Pomona High School in 1925 and entered the Chouinard School of Art on a scholarship. Sheets was an excellent watercolor painter; a medium which he found expressive and poetic. While still a student at Chouinard, he was hired to teach their watercolor classes. He taught at Claremont College from 1932 and served as director of the art department from 1936 to 1955.

An adept architect, in 1954 he was contracted to design the Ahmanson Bank and Trust Company in Los Angeles as well as over forty designs of Home Savings and Loan buildings throughout California. In his career, he created over one hundred murals throughout the United States. One of his murals is at Notre Dame University, which the students fondly call "Touchdown Jesus." Millard Sheets died on March 31, 1989, in Gualala, California.

Image courtesy of California Watercolor

Swipe image for more

Image
Image

Robert Earle Wood was born on February 4, 1926, in Gardena, California. He earned a Bachelor of Art degree from Pomona College and a Master of Fine Art from Claremont College, where he studied with Millard Sheets and Phil Dike. He developed a unique style that blended representational and abstract elements in his work.

Wood taught art at the University of Minnesota, Duluth, from 1952 to 1955, and at Claremont Graduate School starting in 1958. He also taught at Otis Art Institute and the Brandt-Dike Summer School of Painting in Corona del Mar. He wrote a book, Watercolor Workshop, which met with great popularity among art students. He was a member of the California Watercolor Society, the American Watercolor Society, and the National Academy of Design. In 1990, he painted a series of twenty-two large murals for the Hotel Camino Real in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. Robert E. Wood died on February 14, 1999, in Redlands, California.

Image courtesy of California Watercolor

2018645 

Caprice I, 1963

Robert E. Wood (American, 1926-1999); probably California; Watercolor on paper; 22 × 29 7/8 in.; 2018.6.45
Ann and Bill Cullen Memorial Collection

Not to be confused with Robert Wood, the oil painter of coastal and mountain subjects, Robert E. Wood was a watercolor painter in Southern California. His paintings show a characteristic and personal style. In his mature period, his work reveals a strong tendency to abstraction by breaking conventional images and re-arranging them to create a more personal statement. Here, one can recognize dozens of images, mostly of the coast along Corona del Mar that have been subjectively broken and placed in a configuration to reflect his deeply personal outlook.

Image
Image

James Milford Zornes was born on January 25, 1908, in Camargo, Oklahoma. When he was a teenager the family moved to San Fernando, California. As a child, Zornes was taught to draw by his mother.

In 1931, Zornes began taking art classes with Millard Sheets at Pomona College. In 1934, he joined the California Water Color Society serving as president in 1941. During the Depression, he painted murals in two post offices: in Claremont and in Campo, Texas. In 1938, his watercolor Arizona Evening, was purchased by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.

Zornes continued to paint well into his nineties and on his 100th birthday party, on January 25, 2008, he painted a watercolor in front of a gathering of friends and admirers at the Pasadena Museum of California Art. Less than a month later, Milford Zornes died from congestive heart failure on February 24, 2008 in his Claremont home.

Image courtesy of California Watercolor

Swipe image for more

Image

Visit bowers.org for today's programs 

2002 North Main Street, Santa Ana, CA
714.567.3600

 

Copyright © 2021. Bowers Museum. All Rights Reserved